Volgograd

Volgograd (named so in 1961), former Stalingrad, is the site of one of the toughest battles of the WWII. Certainly, main monuments here are related to the war and soldiers’ glory: the giant ‘Motherland’ sculpture; panoramic museum of the Battle of Stalingrad; Pavlov’s house – legendary Soviet bastion, marked as fortress on personal map of German general Paulus; Mamaev Kurgan (hill) that saw particularly fierce fighting. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 02, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Nazi and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The violent combat destroyed the Stalingrad, but its reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city. However, it took some 20 years to rebuild it. A very interesting fact is that there is no metro in modern Volgograd – there is an underground tram or the Metrotram. In the USSR the metro was built only in the cities with a population of over a million. Volgograd did not have so many inhabitants back in 1970s, so local authorities found a way out: they ordered to dig the tunnels, but started trams there instead of the underground trains. The longest street in Russia is in Volgograd: its length exceeds 50 kilometers.