The population of over a million makes Rostov-on-Don the 10th city in Russia and the 30th in Europe. It is also a modern industrial hub of Southern Russia; a cultural center with a large number of universities, colleges, architectural monuments and museums; an agricultural center; an important river port in closest vicinity to the Sea of Azov and the “Gateway to the Caucasus.” In fact, several cities in Southern Russia describe themselves as the “gateway”, but Rostov-on-Don can probably lay the greatest claim: departures’ board of its Main Bus Station lists numerous destinations of the Caucasus and the Transcaucasia. Until the late USSR Rostov-on-Don had a fame of the “second capital” of so called “thieves in law” – these criminals called it the “Father Rostov”. Today the city is hospitable and absolutely safe for tourists. The place has the largest number of fish markets in Russia, because it stands on the Don River with the Sea of Azov just some 23 miles / 36 kilometers away from it. Interesting fact about Rostov-on-Don is that it has one of the largest cemeteries in Europe: over 500,000 graves are covering about 990 acres. Rostov-on-Don was a Cossack outpost in the 18th century. Today it is nice and green city with magnificent parks and beaches.