Kostroma

Kostroma is the name of one of the loveliest cities of the Golden Ring, and it is also the name of an East Slavic deity of fertility. One of the suppositions is that the city was named after this deity. The pagan ritual called Funeral of Kostroma still exists in some Russian lands and Kostroma Region is certainly one of them. It is normally held in spring: the straw figure of Kostroma is being burned or buried during this rite – the purpose is to transfer the fertile power of Kostroma to a soil. It is believed that Kostroma town was founded in 1152 by the Prince Yury Dolgoruky, the founder of Moscow. Like many Russian settlements of the Medieval, Kostroma was captured and sacked by the Mongols. Ipatyevsky Monastery founded in the 14th century is the pride of modern Kostroma. The crypt of the Monastery became the Godunovs’ Royal Dynasty burial vault. Kostroma is one of the few Russian cities retaining the classical layout of the 18th/19th centuries, with streets and boulevards fanning out like the spokes of a wheel from a central square. The Snowgirl, the granddaughter of the Farther Frost (Russian Santa) has her headquarters in Kostroma. The city is the jewelry capital of Russia: one third of all Russian jewelers live and work in Kostroma.