Kizhi

Kizhi is an island in the Lake of Onega with homonymous pogost located on this island. The Russian word “pogost” defines a territorial district with a single or several villages that has a church and a graveyard. The word was borrowed by several neighboring nations, like Latvians and Finns. The architectural ensemble of the Kizhi Pogost includes two 18th century wooden churches: the Church of the Transfiguration – the one with 22 onion domes – and the Church of the Intercession, and an octagonal wooden bell tower built in 1862 considerably reconstructed in 1874. Original the Kizhi churches burned down after being struck by lightning in 1693 and the currently existing churches were built on the very site of the former ones. Kizhi is evidence of the highly developed carpentry skills of the Russian people. Nowadays it is the only ensemble with two multi-domed wooden churches preserved in Russia. The Church of the Transfiguration is a monument with exceptional architectural and structural features. It has no parallel in either Russian or global wooden architecture. Local legend says that Master Nestor built the 37m high nail-less church, a true wonder of the world, using nothing but an axe.